The Millennium of Russia Memorial

The Millennium of Russia Memorial, standing at the centre of the Detinets, was unveiled on September 8, 1862. It is the work of Mikhail Mikeshin, an eminent Russian sculptor active in the second half of the 19th century. The kneeling figure in the upper tier of the monument personifies Russia. Below, around the sphere, are six groups symbolizing the different periods of Russian history until the first quarter of the 18th century. Represented, among others, are Prince Rurik who, according to legend, was invited in 862 to rule Novgorodian lands; Princes Vladimir, Dmitry Donskoi, Tsars Ivan III and Peter I. The high-relief frieze in the lower tier of the memorial depicts military heroes, statesmen, educators, poets, writers and artists, altogether 109 figures. Here one can see the chronicler Nestor, Princes Yaroslav the Wise and Alexander Nevsky, the Ukrainian hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky, the founder of the Russian theatre Volkov, the satirical writer Fonvizin, the composer Glinka, the poets Derzhavin, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Lermontov, the historian Karamzin, and the artist Karl Briullov. The height of the monument is 15.7 m, the weight of cast bronze is 65.5 tons. During the World War II , the Nazis dismantled the monument and prepared it for transportation to Germany. Luckily, they never succeeded to accomplish this plan. After Novgorod's liberation, the monument was restored and in November 1944 once again unveiled to the public.